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2016 16th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (CCGrid) (2016)
Cartagena, Colombia
May 16, 2016 to May 19, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-5090-2454-4
pp: 106-115
Video streams, either in form of on-demand streaming or live streaming, usually have to be converted (i.e., transcoded) based on the characteristics of clients' devices (e.g., spatial resolution, network bandwidth, and supported formats). Transcoding is a computationally expensive and time-consuming operation, therefore, streaming service providers currently store numerous transcoded versions of the same video to serve different types of client devices. Due to the expense of maintaining and upgrading storage and computing infrastructures, many streaming service providers (e.g., Netflix) recently are becoming reliant on cloud services. However, the challenge in utilizing cloud services for video transcoding is how to deploy cloud resources in a cost-efficient manner without any major impact on the quality of video streams. To address this challenge, in this paper, we present the Cloud-based Video Streaming Service (CVSS) architecture to transcode video streams in an on-demand manner. The architecture provides a platform for streaming service providers to utilize cloud resources in a cost-efficient manner and with respect to the Quality of Service (QoS) demands of video streams. In particular, the architecture includes a QoS-aware scheduling method to efficiently map video streams to cloud resources, and a cost-aware dynamic (i.e., elastic) resource provisioning policy that adapts the resource acquisition with respect to the video streaming QoS demands. Simulation results based on realistic cloud traces and with various workload conditions, demonstrate that the CVSS architecture can satisfy video streaming QoS demands and reduces the incurred cost of stream providers up to 70%.
Streaming media, Transcoding, Cloud computing, Quality of service, Spatial resolution, Delays, Dynamic scheduling

X. Li, M. A. Salehi, M. Bayoumi and R. Buyya, "CVSS: A Cost-Efficient and QoS-Aware Video Streaming Using Cloud Services," 2016 16th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (CCGrid)(CCGRID), Cartagena, Colombia, 2016, pp. 106-115.
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