Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on (2007)
Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
May 14, 2007 to May 17, 2007
A. Vishnu , Ohio State University
M. Koop , Ohio State University
A. Moody , Lawrence Livermore National Lab
A. R. Mamidala , Ohio State University
S. Narravula , Ohio State University
D. K. Panda , Ohio State University
Large scale InfiniBand clusters are becoming increasingly popular, as reflected by the TOP 500 Supercomputer rankings. At the same time, fat tree has become a popular interconnection topology for these clusters, since it allows multiple paths to be available in between a pair of nodes. However, even with fat tree, hot-spots may occur in the network depending upon the route configuration between end nodes and communication pattern(s) in the application. To make matters worse, the deterministic routing nature of InfiniBand limits the application from effective use of multiple paths transparently and avoid the hot-spots in the network. Simulation based studies for switches and adapters to implement congestion control have been proposed in the literature. However, these studies have focussed on providing congestion control for the communication path, and not on utilizing multiple paths in the network for hot-spot avoidance. In this paper, we design an MPI functionality, which provides hot-spot avoidance for different communications, without a priori knowledge of the pattern. We leverage LMC (LID Mask Count) mechanism of InfiniBand to create multiple paths in the network and present the design issues (scheduling policies, selecting number of paths, scalability aspects) of our design. We implement our design and evaluate it with Pallas collective communication and MPI applications. On an InfiniBand cluster with 48 processes, MPI All-to-all Personalized shows an improvement of 27%. Our evaluation with NAS Parallel Benchmarks on 64 processes shows significant improvement in execution time with this functionality.
S. Narravula, D. K. Panda, M. Koop, A. Vishnu, A. Moody and A. R. Mamidala, "Hot-Spot Avoidance With Multi-Pathing Over InfiniBand: An MPI Perspective," Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on(CCGRID), Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, 2007, pp. 479-486.