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2011 IEEE Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop (AIPR) (2011)
Washington, DC, USA
Oct. 11, 2011 to Oct. 13, 2011
ISBN: 978-1-4673-0215-9
pp: 1-7
Dalton Lunga , Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-0501, USA
Okan Ersoy , Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-0501, USA
Modern remote sensing imaging sensor technology provides detailed spectral and spatial information that enables precise analysis of land cover usage. From a research point of view, traditional widely used statistical models are often limited in the sense that they do not incorporate some of the useful directional information contained in the feature vectors, and hence alternative modeling methods are required. In this paper, use of cosine angle information and its embedding onto a spherical manifold is investigated. The transformation of remote sensing images onto a unit spherical manifold is achieved by using the recently proposed spherical embedding approach. Spherical embedding is a method that computes high-dimensional local neighborhood preserving coordinates of data on constant curvature manifolds. We further develop a novel Kent mixture model for unsupervised classification of embedded cosine pixel coordinates. A Kent distribution is one of the natural models for multivariate data on a spherical surface. Parameters for the model are estimated using the Expectation-Maximization procedure. The mixture model is applied to two different Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data that were acquired from the Tippecanoe County in Indiana. The results obtained present insights on cosine pixel coordinates and also serve as a motivation for further development of new models to analyze remote sensing images in spherical manifolds.

D. Lunga and O. Ersoy, "Kent mixture model for classification of remote sensing data on spherical manifolds," 2011 IEEE Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop (AIPR), Washington, DC, USA, 2011, pp. 1-7.
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