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2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA) (2014)
Victoria, BC, Canada
May 13, 2014 to May 16, 2014
ISSN: 1550-445X
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3629-8
pp: 329-336
ABSTRACT
One of the major challenges of Cognitive Radio (CRNs) is the spectrum handoff issue. Spectrum handoff happens when a Primary Users (PUs) appears in a spectrum band that is occupied by a Secondary User (SU). In such a case, SU should empty this spectrum band and perform a handoff procedure and search for an available free one. This process will be continued until the SU completes its data transmission. To avoid multiple spectrum handoffs, the spectrum handoff procedure should be performed in the unlicensed channels rather than the licensed channels. Thus, the number of handoffs can be reduced as no more spectrum handoffs will occur since all users have priority in this type of spectrum channel. This technique will help secondary users' QoS from degradation. This paper proposes a prioritized spectrum handoff decision scheme in a mixture spectrum environment of unlicensed and licensed channels, in order to reduce the handoff delay. The licensed channels in the proposed scheme have been modelled using a pre-emptive resume priority (PRP) M/M/C queue. In contrast, the unlicensed channels have been modelled using an M/M/C retrial priority queue. In order to examine the performance of the implemented model, the handoff and new SUs are considered with equal and different priorities. Experimental results show that the prioritized handoff scheme outperforms the other scheme in terms of average handoff delay under various traffic arrival rates as well as the number of licensed and unlicensed channels used.
INDEX TERMS
Delays, Sensors, Cognitive radio, Quality of service, Mathematical model, Orbits
CITATION

S. Zahed, I. Awan, A. Cullen and M. Younas, "Performance Evaluation of Cognitive Radio Networks under Licensed and Unlicensed Spectrum Bands," 2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), Victoria, BC, Canada, 2014, pp. 329-336.
doi:10.1109/AINA.2014.42
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