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2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA) (2014)
Victoria, BC, Canada
May 13, 2014 to May 16, 2014
ISSN: 1550-445X
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3629-8
pp: 226-233
ABSTRACT
We model smart grids as complex interdependent networks, and study targeted attacks on smart grids for the first time. A smart grid consists of two networks: the power network and the communication network, interconnected by edges. Occurrence of failures (attacks) in one network triggers failures in the other network, and propagates in cascades across the networks. Such cascading failures can result in disintegration of either (or both) of the networks. Earlier works considered only random failures. In practical situations, an attacker is more likely to compromise nodes selectively. We study cascading failures in smart grids, where an attacker selectively compromises the nodes with probabilities proportional to their degrees, high degree nodes are compromised with higher probability. We mathematically analyze the sizes of the giant components of the networks under targeted attacks, and compare the results with the corresponding sizes under random attacks. We show that networks disintegrate faster for targeted attacks compared to random attacks. A targeted attack on a small fraction of high degree nodes disintegrates one or both of the networks, whereas both the networks contain giant components for random attack on the same fraction of nodes.
INDEX TERMS
Smart grids, Communication networks, Niobium, Power system faults, Power system protection, Complex networks, Analytical models
CITATION

S. Ruj and A. Pal, "Analyzing Cascading Failures in Smart Grids under Random and Targeted Attacks," 2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), Victoria, BC, Canada, 2014, pp. 226-233.
doi:10.1109/AINA.2014.32
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