Proceedings IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision (1992)
Palm Springs, CA, USA
Nov. 30, 1992 to Dec. 2, 1992
B. Bhanu , Coll. of Eng., California Univ., Riverside, CA, USA
Airborne vehicles such as rotorcraft must avoid obstacles such as antennas, towers, poles, fences, tree branches, and wires strung across the flight path. The paper analyzes the requirements of an obstacle detection system for rotorcrafts in low-altitude Nap-of-the-Earth flight based on various rotorcraft motion constraints. It argues that an automated obstacle detection system for the rotorcraft scenario should include both passive and active sensors. Consequently, it introduces a maximally passive system which involves the use of passive sensors (TV, FLIR) as well as the selective use of an active (laser) sensor. The passive component is concerned with estimating range using optical flow-based motion analysis and binocular stereo in conjunction with inertial navigation system information. Experimental results obtained using land vehicle data illustrate the particular approach to motion analysis.<
computer vision, helicopters
B. Bhanu, B. Roberts, D. Duncan and S. Das, "A system for obstacle detection during rotorcraft low-altitude flight," Proceedings IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision(ACV), Palm Springs, CA, USA, , pp. 92-99.