Conference Record of the Thirty-First Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (Cat. No.97CB36163) (1997)
Pacific Grove, CA, USA
Nov. 2, 1997 to Nov. 5, 1997
O. Besson , Dept. of Avionics & Syst., ENSICA, Toulouse, France
This paper addresses the estimation of the center frequency of complex exponential signals with time-varying amplitude. A method, which requires few assumptions regarding the signal's envelope is proposed. It is based on the polar decomposition of a certain covariance matrix. The polar decomposition, a generalization to matrices of the complex number representation z=re/sup i/spl theta// with r>0, is particularly suitable for the application considered. The notion of truncated polar decomposition is introduced. Simple schemes for estimating the signal's frequency are presented, based on these decompositions. The methods presented herein do not rely on any assumed structure for the time-varying amplitude, and they are shown to possess good performance in a large class of signals. The effectiveness and robustness of our method is demonstrated on real radar data.
radar signal processing, frequency estimation, covariance matrices, Doppler radar
O. Besson and P. Stoica, "On frequency estimation of exponential signals with time-varying amplitude via polar decomposition," Conference Record of the Thirty-First Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (Cat. No.97CB36163)(ACSSC), Pacific Grove, CA, USA, , pp. 245-249.