Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (1994)
Pacific Grove, CA, USA
Oct. 31, 1994 to Nov. 2, 1994
K.L. Anderson , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA
R.A. Iltis , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA
The problem of tracking a target using a sequence of infrared (IR) images is addressed. A Bayes-closed estimation algorithm developed by Kulhavy (see International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing, vol.4, p.271-285, 1990) is shown to be well-suited to the IR tracking problem. Due to the form of the model for the radiation intensity pattern on the IR focal plane array, closed-form expressions are found for the reduced sufficient statistics (RSS) which are used to approximate the true posterior density in the Kulhavy algorithm. An estimate of the target state is then derived via a reconstruction formula from the RSS. For comparison, both a previously developed IR tracking algorithm based on an extended Kalman filter (EKF) and the new RSS-based algorithm are used to track a target through a sequence of IR images. It is shown, that the RSS algorithm can maintain track in high velocity scenarios where the EKF diverges.<
focal planes, optical tracking, Bayes methods, statistical analysis, Kalman filters, tracking filters, filtering theory, image sequences, target tracking
K. Anderson and R. Iltis, "A reduced sufficient statistics tracking algorithm for infared images," Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers(ACSSC), Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 1995, pp. 711-715.