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Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (1994)
Pacific Grove, CA, USA
Oct. 31, 1994 to Nov. 2, 1994
ISSN: 1058-6393
ISBN: 0-8186-6405-3
pp: 578-582
M.E. Hennecke , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Stanford Univ., CA, USA
K.V. Prasad , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Stanford Univ., CA, USA
ABSTRACT
The visual image of a talker provides information complementary to the acoustic speech waveform, and enables improved recognition accuracy, especially in environments corrupted by high acoustic noise or multiple talkers. Because most of the phonologically relevant visual information is from the mouth and lips, it is important to infer accurately and robustly their dynamics; moreover it is desirable to extract this information without the use of invasive markers or patterned illumination. We describe the use of deformable templates for speechreading, in order to infer the dynamics of lip contours throughout an image sequence. Template computations can be done relatively quickly and the resulting small number of shape description parameters are quite robust to visual noise and variations in illumination. Such templates delineate the inside of the mouth, so that the teeth and the tongue can also be found.<>
INDEX TERMS
speech processing, acoustic noise, acoustic signal processing, image sequences, speech recognition, dynamics, vision
CITATION

M. Hennecke, K. Prasad and D. Stork, "Using deformable templates to infer visual speech dynamics," Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers(ACSSC), Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 1995, pp. 578-582.
doi:10.1109/ACSSC.1994.471518
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