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Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (1994)
Pacific Grove, CA, USA
Oct. 31, 1994 to Nov. 2, 1994
ISSN: 1058-6393
ISBN: 0-8186-6405-3
pp: 450-454
G.S. Mitchell , Commun. Sci. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
R.A. Scholtz , Commun. Sci. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
ABSTRACT
This paper describes a technique for achieving discrete time synchronization in systems which, in addition to additive Gaussian noise and phase offsets, regularly experience the effects of Doppler frequency shifts. The approach, based on a maximum likelihood (ML) timing estimator, utilizes certain properties of special reference waveforms to provide a simplified, but robust, estimator implementation for receivers using the reference to recover timing. The reference signal properties are characterized and subsequently used in an implementation of an ML timing estimator. Analysis and simulation results indicate that in the presence of additive noise, phase, and Doppler errors, using special (Doppler tolerant) waveforms in ML estimator structures can provide significant performance improvements avoiding the complexity of phase and frequency compensation mechanisms.<>
INDEX TERMS
Doppler effect, synchronisation, Gaussian noise, discrete time systems, maximum likelihood estimation, receivers, signal processing
CITATION

G. Mitchell and R. Scholtz, "The use of Doppler tolerant reference signals in time synchronization applications," Proceedings of 1994 28th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers(ACSSC), Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 1995, pp. 450-454.
doi:10.1109/ACSSC.1994.471494
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