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3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, International Symposium on (2006)
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
June 14, 2006 to June 16, 2006
ISBN: 0-7695-2825-2
pp: 33-40
Wei Zhang , George Mason University, USA
Jana Kosecka , George Mason University, USA
In this paper we present a prototype system for image based localization in urban environments. Given a database of views of city street scenes tagged by GPS locations, the system computes the GPS location of a novel query view. We first use a wide-baseline matching technique based on SIFT features to select the closest views in the database. Often due to a large change of viewpoint and presence of repetitive structures, a large percentage of matches (> 50%) are not correct correspondences. The subsequent motion estimation between the query view and the reference view, is then handled by a novel and efficient robust estimation technique capable of dealing with large percentage of outliers. This stage is also accompanied by a model selection step among the fundamental matrix and the homography. Once the motion between the closest reference views is estimated, the location of the query view is then obtained by triangulation of translation directions. Approximate solutions for cases when triangulation cannot be obtained reliably are also described. The presented system is tested on the dataset used in ICCV 2005 Computer Vision Contest and is shown to have higher accuracy than previous reported results.

W. Zhang and J. Kosecka, "Image Based Localization in Urban Environments," 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, International Symposium on(3DPVT), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA, 2006, pp. 33-40.
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