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Issue No. 05 - Sept.-Oct. (2012 vol. 10)
ISSN: 1540-7993
pp: 33-41
David Wagner , University of California, Berkeley
Philip B. Stark , University of California, Berkeley
ABSTRACT
The authors propose an alternative to current requirements for certifying voting equipment and conducting elections. They argue that elections should be structured to provide convincing affirmative evidence that the reported outcomes actually reflect how people voted. This can be accomplished with a combination of software-independent voting systems, compliance audits, and risk-limiting audits. Together, these yield a resilient canvass framework: a fault-tolerant approach to conducting elections that gives strong evidence that the reported outcome is correct or reports that the evidence is not convincing. If evidence-based elections are adopted, certification and testing of voting equipment can be relaxed, saving money and time and reducing barriers to innovation in voting systems—and election integrity will benefit. The authors conclude that there should be more regulation of the evidence trail and less regulation of equipment, and that compliance audits and risk-limiting audits should be required.
INDEX TERMS
Nominations and elections, Security, Seals, Privacy, Software, Electronic voting, Testing, resilient canvass framework, elections, software-independent voting system, risk-limiting audit
CITATION
David Wagner, Philip B. Stark, "Evidence-Based Elections", IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 10, no. , pp. 33-41, Sept.-Oct. 2012, doi:10.1109/MSP.2012.62
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