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Issue No. 06 - November/December (2007 vol. 5)
ISSN: 1540-7993
pp: 25-31
Kjell J. Hole , University of Bergen, Norway
Vebjørn Moen , University of Bergen, Norway
André N. Klingsheim , University of Bergen, Norway
Knut M. Tande , University of Bergen, Norway
ABSTRACT
This case study focuses on real-world ATM card misuse, illustrating how too much secrecy led to a deterioration of PIN-based authentication procedures, and why a bank's refusal to share technical information is a threat to a customer during a conflict.
INDEX TERMS
ATM system, DES encryption, PIN codes, security
CITATION

V. Moen, A. N. Klingsheim, K. J. Hole and K. M. Tande, "Lessons from the Norwegian ATM System," in IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 5, no. , pp. 25-31, 2007.
doi:10.1109/MSP.2007.168
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