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Issue No. 05 - September/October (1994 vol. 11)
ISSN: 0740-7459
pp: 23-30
<p>This article presents metrics from two Hewlett-Packard (HP) reuse programs that document the improved quality, increased productivity, shortened time-to-market, and enhanced economics resulting from reuse. Work products are the products or by-products of the software-development process: for example, code, design, and test plans. Reuse is the use of these work products without modification in the development of other software. Leveraged reuse is modifying existing work products to meet specific system requirements. A producer is a creator of reusable work products, and the consumer is someone who uses them to create other software. Time-to-market is the time it takes to deliver a product from the time it is conceived. Experience with reuse has been largely positive. Because work products are used multiple times, the accumulated defect fixes result in a higher quality work product. Because the work products have already been created, tested, and documented, productivity increases because consumers of reusable work products need to do less work. However, increased productivity from reuse does not necessarily shorten time-to-market. To reduce time-to-market, reuse must be used effectively on the critical path of a development project. Finally, we have found that reuse allows an organization to use personnel more effectively because it leverages expertise. However, software reuse is not free. It requires resources to create and maintain reusable work products, a reuse library, and reuse tools. To help evaluate the costs and benefits of reuse, we have developed an economic analysis method, which we have applied to multiple reuse programs at HP.</p>
software reusability; project management; software metrics; economics; software quality; quality; productivity; economics; metrics; Hewlett-Packard; reuse programs; time-to-market; software-development process; leveraged reuse; reusable work products; critical path; software reuse; reuse library; reuse tools; economic analysis method; multiple reuse programs

W. C. Lim, "Effects of Reuse on Quality, Productivity, and Economics," in IEEE Software, vol. 11, no. , pp. 23-30, 1994.
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