Issue No. 04 - July/August (1994 vol. 11)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/52.300121
<p>There are two approaches to process improvement. The top-down approach compares an organization's process with some generally accepted standard process. Process improvement is then the elimination of differences between an existing process and a standard one. The assumption is that, once the process is changed the generated products will be improved-or at least the risk of generating new software will he reduced. The bottom-up approach assumes that process change must be driven by an organization's goals, characteristics, product attributes, and experiences. Change is defined by a local domain instead of a universal set of accepted practices. For example, an organization whose primary goal is improving time to market may take a significantly different approach to process change than one whose primary goal is to produce defect-free software.</p>
software quality; project management; bottom-up process improvement; top-down approach; generally accepted standard process; new software; bottom-up approach; process change; organization goals; product attributes; local domain; accepted practices; defect-free software
F. McGarry and M. Thomas, "Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Process Improvement," in IEEE Software, vol. 11, no. , pp. 12-13, 1994.