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Issue No. 03 - July-Sept. (2016 vol. 15)
ISSN: 1536-1268
pp: 48-57
Monica Tentori , Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education, Mexico
Lizbeth Escobedo , National Technological of Mexico
Carlos Hernandez , Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education, Mexico
Aleksandar Matic , Telefonica Research
Gillian R. Hayes , University of California, Irvine
ABSTRACT
The deployment of pervasive displays in classrooms of children with severe autism is challenging. In this article, the authors explore the use of pervasive displays in special-education classrooms to help children with autism better reflect on their behaviors. They designed and developed three pervasive displays, each one varying its visualization in relation to targeted behaviors and the reinforcement mechanism used. BxColor mimics traditional practices by varying the color of "tags." BxPuzzle reinforces positive behavior by varying the clarity of puzzle pieces. BxBalloons penalizes negative behavior by deflating virtual aircrafts piloted by children. Each display was deployed in one classroom of children with severe autism for three weeks. The results indicate that BxColor was too abstract to be understood by participants. In contrast, both BxPuzzle and BxBalloons were instrumental in increasing behavior awareness, triggering social interactions, and promoting teamwork. This article is part of a special issue on pervasive displays.
INDEX TERMS
Autism, Visualization, Pervasive computing, Prototypes, Human computer interaction, Pediatrics
CITATION
Monica Tentori, Lizbeth Escobedo, Carlos Hernandez, Aleksandar Matic, Gillian R. Hayes, "Pervasive Displays in Classrooms of Children with Severe Autism", IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 15, no. , pp. 48-57, July-Sept. 2016, doi:10.1109/MPRV.2016.49
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