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Issue No. 01 - Jan.-Mar. (2016 vol. 15)
ISSN: 1536-1268
pp: 48-56
Jaroslaw Domaszewicz , Warsaw University of Technology
Spyros Lalis , University of Thessaly
Aleksander Pruszkowski , Warsaw University of Technology
Manos Koutsoubelias , University of Thessaly
Tomasz Tajmajer , University of Warsaw
Nasos Grigoropoulos , University of Thessaly
Michele Nati , Digital Catapult
Alexander Gluhak , Digital Catapult
ABSTRACT
Considerable effort in the area of context-aware systems goes into applications that process sensor data to proactively drive actuators. However, there are concerns about such fully automated operation. Most notably, due to imperfect context inferences, actuating decisions can be contrary to the user's desires. In this article, the authors focus on what they refer to as soft actuation: issuing low-key, nonverbal hints prompting the user to optionally perform a simple manual operation on a nearby object. Soft actuation targets noncritical applications for the home or office. In the spirit of calm technology, special care is taken to respect the user's attention. The authors elaborate the interaction concept and present its experimental evaluation "in the wild." The results are encouraging, given that users liked the soft-actuating system and accepted quite a few hints.
INDEX TERMS
Home automation, Automation, Context modeling, Sensors, Computational modeling, Smart homes
CITATION

J. Domaszewicz et al., "Soft Actuation: Smart Home and Office with Human-in-the-Loop," in IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 48-56, 2016.
doi:10.1109/MPRV.2016.5
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