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Issue No. 03 - July-Sept. (2017 vol. 24)
ISSN: 1070-986X
pp: 72-82
Yichao Jin , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Yonggang Wen , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ABSTRACT
Recently, network operators around the world have encountered a paradox. On the one hand, they have made enormous investments to handle the tremendous growth of Internet media services triggered by the ubiquitous penetration of high-speed wireless networks and the increasing popularity of mobile devices. On the other hand, these investments have not delivered the expected revenue, leading to declining profitability. In response to this paradox, network function virtualization (NFV) has been proposed as a revolutionary technology to transform network architecture and operations. This emerging technology opens up significant opportunities to reduce the cost of operating media services. In this article, the authors present a survey on this emerging topic. Specifically, they analyze the forces driving the evolution of the network architecture, then describe a novel NFV-enabled media cloud system from two alternative perspectives: an end-to-end view and a layered view. They then illustrate the architectural changes' technical challenges, which range from optimal resource provision and request routing to automated optimization. Finally, they substantiate the NFV-enabled media cloud platform with proof-of-concept case studies. By demonstrating NFV's flexibility and effectiveness, they show that the cost of providing Internet media services by NFV-enabled systems could be substantially reduced in practice.
INDEX TERMS
Cloud computing, Network function virtualization, Virtualization, mobile communication, Resource management, Network function virtualization
CITATION

Y. Jin and Y. Wen, "When Cloud Media Meet Network Function Virtualization: Challenges and Applications," in IEEE MultiMedia, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 72-82, 2017.
doi:10.1109/MMUL.2017.3051519
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