Issue No. 04 - October-December (1999 vol. 6)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/93.809232
This architecture proposal for the Universal Mobile Telecommunication System harmonizes several approaches to the evolving European Union mobile-systems standard. The architecture accommodates both satellite and terrestrial networks and allows a smooth transition from existing systems to UMTS.
Francesco Delli Priscoli, "UMTS Architecture for Integrating Terrestrial and Satellite Systems", IEEE MultiMedia, vol. 6, no. , pp. 38-45, October-December 1999, doi:10.1109/93.809232