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The data types of graphics, images, audio and video or collectively multimedia are becoming standard components of most computer interfaces and applications. Medical applications in particular will be able to exploit these capabilities in concert with the database and search engines or information furnaces that will exist as part of the information superhighway. The ability to electronically connect experts with patients enables care delivery from remote diagnostics to remote surgery. Traditional visual computing tasks such as MRI, volume and surface rendering, computer vision, or image processing may also be available to more clinics and researchers as they become electronically local. Video and 3D graphics will significantly enhance the electronically local environment. Video provides the greatest sense of presence or visual realism yet has been the most difficult to offer digitally due to its high transmission, storage and computation requirements. Advanced 3D graphics have generally been scarce or expensive. This article addresses some of the recent innovations in media processing and client-server technology that will enable PCs, workstations, and network appliances to process both video and graphics in real time and thus support the electronically local environment as it relates to healthcare.
Vasudev Bhaskaran, Frederick Lee Kitson, Tom Malzbender, "Opportunities for Visual Computing in Healthcare", IEEE MultiMedia, vol. 4, no. , pp. 46-57, April-June 1997, doi:10.1109/93.591161
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