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Recent advances in computer technology, coupled with research in computer vision and image generation, are having a significant impact on TV production methods, which have remained unchanged since the introduction of color television. Virtual studios replace real background sets in a studio with a computer-generated synthetic scene. The Mona Lisa project, a consortium of major European industries and academic institutions, had the objectives of developing and integrating technologies (algorithms, software, and hardware) required for the construction, handling, and real-time rendering of 3D models. This lets producers generate image sequences that combine real foreground action shot in the studio with computer-generated backgrounds.

Y. Paker et al., "A Virtual Studio for Live Broadcasting: The Mona Lisa Project," in IEEE MultiMedia, vol. 3, no. , pp. 18-29, 1996.
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