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Issue No. 02 - March-April (2013 vol. 33)
ISSN: 0272-1732
pp: 28-36
Gregory Ruhl , Intel
Surhud Khare , Intel
Designing a microprocessor that's efficient across a wide-voltage-operating range requires overcoming a variety of microarchitecture and circuit design challenges. In this article, the authors demonstrate their IA-32 processor, which is built in 32-nm CMOS technology, which can operate efficiently between 280 mV and 1.2 V. They also discuss some of the circuit and methodology challenges that they overcame.
Microprocessors, Voltage control, Threshold voltage, Logic gates, CMOS integrated circuits, Computer architecture, pentium, wide-voltage-range computing, near-threshold voltage, NTV, synthesis, timing

S. R. Vangal, S. Khare, S. Jain, S. Dighe and G. Ruhl, "IA-32 Processor with a Wide-Voltage-Operating Range in 32-nm CMOS," in IEEE Micro, vol. 33, no. , pp. 28-36, 2013.
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