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Issue No. 03 - May/June (2011 vol. 31)
ISSN: 0272-1732
pp: 60-71
Victor Jimenez , Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Roberto Gioiosa , Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Francisco J. Cazorla , Spanish National Research Council
Mateo Valero , Polytechnic University of Catalonia
Eren Kursun , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Canturk Isci , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Alper Buyuktosunoglu , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Pradip Bose , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
<p>Proposals have focused on reducing energy requirements for large-scale computing facilities (LSCFs), but little research has addressed the need for energy-usage-based accounting. Energy-aware accounting and billing benefits LSCF owners and users. This article makes a case for accurate cost accounting and billing, which accounts for user-specific energy usage, and identifies the hardware- and software-level changes necessary to support energy-aware accounting.</p>
Energy-aware systems, power management, hardware, emerging technologies, computer systems organization, hardware/software interfaces

P. Bose et al., "Energy-Aware Accounting and Billing in Large-Scale Computing Facilities," in IEEE Micro, vol. 31, no. , pp. 60-71, 2011.
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