The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.04 - July/August (2011 vol.13)
pp: 56-60
George Hurlburt , Change Index
Jeffrey Voas , US National Institute of Standards and Technology
<p>This article reviews the history of computing, discussing important theories that have evolved alongside computers. From this historical backdrop, an outlook for fifth-generation computers emerges.</p>
Keywords: history, generations, complexity, information technology
George Hurlburt, Jeffrey Voas, "The Evolution of Ubiquitously Intelligent Computing", IT Professional, vol.13, no. 4, pp. 56-60, July/August 2011, doi:10.1109/MITP.2011.71
1. A.M. Turing, "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungs Problem," Princeton University, 12 Nov. 1936;
2. J.P. Eckert and J.W. Mauchly, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, US patent 3,120,606, Patent and Trademark Office, 1964.
3. W.S. McCulloch and W. Pitts, "A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity," Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, vol. 5, 1943, pp. 115–133;
4. J. von Neumann, A.W. Burks, and H.H. Goldstine, "Preliminary Discussion of the Logical Design of an Electronic Computing Instrument," part I, vol. I, report prepared for US Army Ord. Dept. under contract W-36-034ORD-7481, June 1946;
5. C.E. Shannon, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication,'" Bell System Technical J., vol. 27, July and Oct., 1948, pp. 379–423, 623–656;
6. W. Shockley, "Semiconductor Structure Fabrication," US patent 3,072,832, Patent and Trademark Office, 1963.
7. J.S. Kilby, "Plug-In Circuit Units," US patent 2,892,130, Patent and Trademark Office, 1959.
8. J. von Neumann and A. Burks ed., The Theory of Self-reproducing Automata, Univ. of Illinois Press, 1966.
9. S.M. Ulam et al., Adventures of a Mathematician, University of California Press, 1991.
10. L.A. Zadeh, "Fuzzy Sets," , Information and Control, vol. 8, no. 3, 1965, pp. 338–353; www-bisc.cs.berkeley.eduZadeh-1965.pdf.
11. N. Luchman, Social Systems, Stanford University Press, 2003.
12. D.D. Clark, "The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols," Computer Comm. Rev., vol. 18, no. 4, 1988, pp. 106–114.
13. J. Mingers, Self-producing Systems: Implications and Applications of Autopoiesis, Plenum Publishing, 1994.
14. J. Goldstein, "Emergence as a Construct: History and Issues," Emergence: Complexity and Organization, vol. 1, no. 1, 1999, pp. 49–72.
15. D. Watts, Six Degrees, W.W. Norton & Company, 2003.
16. J.H. Holland, Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity, Helix Books, 1995.
17. C. Langton, Artificial Life: An Overview, MIT Press, 2000.
18. N. Gilbert, Agent-Based Models (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences), Sage Publications, 2008.
19. E.N. Lorenz, "Forced and Free Variations of Weather and Climate," J. Atmospheric Science, vol. 36, no. 8, 1979, pp. 1367–1376; .
53 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool