Issue No. 05 - September/October (1999 vol. 1)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/6294.793667
<p>Middleware lets you manage the complexity and heterogeneity of distributed-computing environments. Here's an overview of the middleware world.</p>
A. T. Campbell, M. E. Kounavis and G. Coulson, "Managing Complexity: Middleware Explained," in IT Professional, vol. 1, no. , pp. 22-28, 1999.