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Issue No. 05 - September/October (2003 vol. 7)
ISSN: 1089-7801
pp: 86-88
Steve Vinoski , Iona Technologies
<p>Confusion over architecture, while not uncommon in software development in general, seems prevalent in middleware. Middleware systems are typically distributed and heterogeneous. In general, distributed systems are difficult to design, implement, debug, and maintain. When you mix in multiples of hardware platforms, operating systems, protocols, applications, and vendors, the complexity can rise to the point where nobody really understands the whole system.</p>
middleware, architecture, abstraction, coding, designing

S. Vinoski, "Do You Know Where Your Architecture is?," in IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 7, no. , pp. 86-88, 2003.
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