Issue No. 05 - September/October (2002 vol. 6)
<p>Some astronomers theorize that the universe is filled with "dark matter" that we can?t see. We can apply a similar analogy to middleware because the "mass" of the middleware universe is much greater than the systems. We can't see them, and we don't talk about them, but they're out there solving real-world integration problems - and profoundly influencing the middleware space. These systems are the dark matter of the middleware universe.</p>
S. Vinoski, "Middleware "Dark Matter"," in IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 6, no. , pp. 92-95, 2002.