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Issue No. 03 - May/June (2008 vol. 23)
ISSN: 1541-1672
pp: 72-79
Anton Nijholt , University of Twente
Jos? del R. Mill? , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)
Brendan Allison , University of Bremen
Desney Tan , Microsoft Research
Bernhard Graimann , University of Bremen
Klaus-R. M? , Berlin Institute of Technology
Clemens Brunner , Graz University of Technology
Florin Popescu , University of Bremen
Gert Pfurtscheller , Graz University of Technology
Benjamin Blankertz , Fraunhofer First
Advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain-imaging technologies give us the unprecedented ability to interface directly with brain activity. These technologies let us monitor physical processes in the brain that correspond with certain forms of thought. Researchers have begun using these technologies to build brain-computer interfaces (BCIs)—communication systems that don't depend on the brain's normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles. Four short articles provide a quick overview of the past, present, and future of BCIs.
brain-computer interface, BCI, electroencephalography, EEG, medical computing, neuroprosthetics, robot kinematics
Anton Nijholt, Jos? del R. Mill?, Brendan Allison, Desney Tan, Bernhard Graimann, Klaus-R. M?, Clemens Brunner, Florin Popescu, Gert Pfurtscheller, Benjamin Blankertz, "Brain-Computer Interfacing for Intelligent Systems", IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 23, no. , pp. 72-79, May/June 2008, doi:10.1109/MIS.2008.41
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