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Issue No. 05 - September-October (1997 vol. 12)
ISSN: 1541-1672
pp: 10-16
<p>Extras: Trends & Controversies, September-October 1997</p> <p>An important aspect of a complex intelligent system is the human-computer interface. Although most readers of <i>IEEE Expert</i> are well-acquainted with graphical user interfaces, in this installment of the Trends & Controversies department we discuss the perhaps less-familiar topic of audio interfaces. The controversy surrounds which of three competing audio interface approaches is most effective: Sonification (Stephen Barrass), Earcons (Stephen Brewster), and Auditory icons (Beth Mynatt). </p> <p>To help facilitate comparison, each audio expert has described a design using their approach for an example problem, created specifically for this discussion by Michael Albers (Sun Microsystems).</p> <p>--Marti Hearst, Editor, UC Berkeley</p> <p>Available here are three audio demos for the piece on "Sonification" by Stephen Barrass. The demos are 16-bit, 8-kHz, mono files in Sun .au format: <div><a href="">10 seconds</a> (240 kbytes) </div> <div><a href="">30 seconds</a> (460 kbytes) </div> <div><a href="">2 minutes</a> (1150 kbytes) </div></p>

M. A. Hearst, "Dissonance on Audio Interfaces," in IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 12, no. , pp. 10-16, 1997.
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