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This field experiment used a telepresence-controlled, remotely operated underwater vehicle to study sea floor ecology in Antarctica. Operated locally from within a portable habitat and remotely through a bidirectional satellite data and video link, the TROV obtained video images of biological communities and collected specimens for analysis. In using environmental data to create the virtual reality model in near real time, this experiment represents the first combined use of telepresence and virtual reality for scientific purposes.

B. P. Hine III, J. Barry, C. R. Stoker and D. R. Barch, "Antarctic Undersea Exploration Using a Robotic Submarine with a Telepresence User Interface," in IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 10, no. , pp. 14-23, 1995.
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