Advanced Computational Simulations of Surface Impingement of a Train of Ethanol Drops: A Pathway to Developing Spray-Wall Interaction Submodels
Issue No. 04 - Jul./Aug. (2018 vol. 20)
David P. Markt , University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
Ashish Pathak , University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
Mehdi Raessi , University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
The authors present a computational study of drop-train impingement on a smooth, initially dry surface, with the aim of providing a high-quality dataset to develop reliable spray-wall interaction submodels for engine simulations. Such submodels require information at micron scales, which is unfeasible to obtain experimentally under high-pressure engine conditions. However, supercomputing and high-resolution simulations can resolve thin liquid structures and their breakup, yielding accurate datasets for liquid splashing and film deposition. The current study employs an MPI-parallel multiphase flow solver to simulate surface impingement of a train of ethanol drops. Comparing its results to the experiments, the solvers capability in accurately capturing the sharp splashing threshold and splashed mass ratio was demonstrated. Through a computational technique that tags individual drops, further insight into the splashing dynamics postimpingement was gained, which could be used to formulate more sophisticated spray-wall interaction submodels.
Computational modeling, Liquids, Ethanol, Fuels, Computational fluid dynamics, Micrometers, Numerical models
D. P. Markt, A. Pathak and M. Raessi, "Advanced Computational Simulations of Surface Impingement of a Train of Ethanol Drops: A Pathway to Developing Spray-Wall Interaction Submodels," in Computing in Science & Engineering, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 56-65, 2018.