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Issue No. 10 - October (2018 vol. 51)
ISSN: 0018-9162
pp: 66-73
Lynn Conway , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
When "others" (such as women and people of color) make innovative contributions in scientific and technical fields, they often "disappear" from later history and their contributions are ascribed elsewhere. This is seldom deliberate-rather, it's a result of the accumulation of advantage by those who are expected to innovate. This article chronicles an example of such a disappearance and introduces the Conway Effect to elucidate the disappearance process.
Very large scale integration, Information technology, Chip scale packaging, Field effect transistors, ARPANET, Gender equity, STEM

L. Conway, "The Disappeared: Beyond Winning and Losing," in Computer, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 66-73, 2018.
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