Issue No. 10 - October (2017 vol. 50)
Pedro Lopes , Hasso Plattner Institute
Patrick Baudisch , Hasso Plattner Institute
Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) has been used since the 1960s in rehabilitative medicine to regenerate lost motor functions, but in recent years researchers have started to explore new EMS applications including guided training, muscle-propelled force feedback for more immersive virtual experiences, and novel forms of information access. The authors analyze the interactive potential of EMS and compare it to more traditional mechanical actuation. The web extra at https://youtu.be/YA0mv9X9Ncw demonstrates Muscle-plotter, an interactive system that combines EMS with a motion-tracking digital pen.
Medical services, Muscles, Skin, Electrodes, Environmental management, Accelerometers, Interactive systems, Epidermis, Patient rehabilitation
Pedro Lopes, Patrick Baudisch, "Interactive Systems Based on Electrical Muscle Stimulation", Computer, vol. 50, no. , pp. 28-35, October 2017, doi:10.1109/MC.2017.3641627