Issue No. 04 - Apr. (2014 vol. 47)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MC.2014.85
A summary of articles recently published in IEEE Computer Society periodicals.
The IEEE Computer Society's lineup of 12 peer-reviewed technical magazines cover cutting-edge topics in computing, including scientific applications, Internet computing, machine intelligence, pervasive computing, security and privacy, digital graphics, and computer history. Select articles from recent issues of other Computer Society magazines are highlighted below.
Mobile devices have become the primary interface for people to express themselves and share personal information with others, so they have great potential for building and storing individuals’ virtual profiles in ways that can benefit research across multiple fields. In IEEE Software's March/April 2014 issue, themed “Next-Generation Mobile Computing,” the authors of “People as a Service: A Mobile-Centric Model for Providing Collective Sociological Profiles” describe a new computing paradigm that uses mobile computing for sociological purposes—to generate, store, and securely provide data for third-party use, but with owners’ full awareness and control.
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
The preeminent systems approach in biology and other life sciences creates enormous challenges with regard to visual analytics for biological data, the theme of IEEE CG&A's March/April 2014 issue. One potential solution is presented in “DIVE: A Graph-Based Visual-Analytics Framework for Big Data.” Here, the authors describe their data-intensive visualization engine as a data-agnostic, ontologically expressive software that lets users manipulate structured data models and stream large datasets at interactive speeds.
IEEE Internet Computing
Last summer's revelations about wide-reaching NSA surveillance tactics overshadowed the atmosphere at the August 2013 CRYPTO conference, where experts from around the world gather to pore over the field's latest developments. In “Recent Parables in Cryptography” from the January/February 2014 issue of IEEE Internet Computing, security consultant Hilarie Orman surveys the proceedings, with an eye toward topics that have practical implications now and for the immediate future.
IEEE Security & Privacy
Large, homogeneous computing systems containing common vulnerabilities are like a flock of sitting ducks: attackers targeting a shared weak point can capture the whole flock with one toss of a net. Creating moving-target defenses that raise the price attackers must pay—in terms of reconnaissance or analysis time—to exploit cyberspace vulnerabilities provides the theme for IEEE S&P's March/April 2014 issue. The overview article, “Finding Focus in the Blur of Moving-Target Techniques,” looks at current moving-target strategies from a software stack perspective that involves dynamic networks, platforms, runtime environments, software, and data.
Combining hard-coded design elements with programmable systems techniques, reconfigurable computing is rapidly emerging as an important paradigm in which both datapaths and algorithms are customized to applications at the point when a device is used. Initially focused on signal, image, and video processing, reconfigurable computing's spectrum of applications now includes bioinformatics, data mining, and molecular dynamics. IEEE Micro's March/April 2014 special issue offers diverse perspectives from practitioners and researchers in this thriving field.
IEEE Pervasive Computing
Bombarded by data output from individual personal devices as well as from vast public communication systems, humans are increasingly awash in information—so much so that allocating attention appropriately and meaningfully poses a considerable challenge. The January–March 2014 issue of IEEE Pervasive Computing focuses on attention management, presenting novel approaches to attention modeling, representation, recognition, and estimation as both theoretical and practical principles for pervasive system design.
Content analysis has long dominated multimedia research, yet how do we understand media semantics in a world of annotation and user-generated tagging, not to mention social networking, location-based services, and mobility (or SoLoMo)? “Content Is Dead … Long Live Content: The New Age of Multimedia-Hard Problems,” from IEEE MultiMedia's January–March 2014 issue, presents some stimulating—and sobering—ideas about the evolving role of content analysis in multimedia research gleaned from a panel discussion hosted at ACM Multimedia 2012.
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Steve Furber, recipient of the 2013 IEEE Computer Society Pioneer Award, made significant contributions to two computing fields: processor architecture (he helped develop the Acorn RISC Machine microprocessor, the basis for processors common in today's cell phones) and neural networks (he's responsible for the SpiNNaker system, which greatly expanded such networks’ power). In the January–March 2014 issue of IEEE Annals, David Alan Grier details his recent interview with Steve Furber, a conversation ranging from Furber's experiments building circuit boards in college to his thoughts on future microchip capability.
A constellation of innovative developments, from smartdust and brain–computer interfaces to autonomous vehicles and 3D printing, now integrate virtual and physical IT into leaner and smarter manufacturing, healthcare, and construction applications, transforming long-standing business models and trade patterns. “The Digital Revolution: What's on the Horizon?,” from IT Pro's January/February 2014 issue, considers new techno–economic paradigms that challenge organizations and individuals to redefine systems, readjust skillsets, and rethink traditional practices.
Computing in Science & Engineering
The cloud's utility for individuals and businesses is well established, but what's the cloud's appeal for science? In “A Scientist's Guide to Cloud Computing” from the January/February 2014 issue of CiSE, Sotirios Tsaftarius of the IMT Institute for Advanced Studies and Northwestern University summarizes the benefits—simplicity, elasticity, reproducibility, the ability to cover a range of open questions, and, most important, democratization within the disciplines—and suggests some useful cloud tools that make large-scale processing easy and efficient.
IEEE Intelligent Systems
Simulations play a significant role in pandemic disease prediction and understanding how infectious diseases spread, with findings potentially affecting both government policy and citizen behavior. “Tracking Infectious Disease Spread for Global Pandemic Containment” from IEEE Intelligent Systems’ November/December 2013 issue looks at disease-spread simulation models and artificial intelligence's potential role in large-scale disease control.
CS president emeritus Sorel Reisman's blog on computer science education topics, “Musings from the Ivory Tower,” is online at www.computer.org/portal/web/Musings-from-the-Ivory-Tower. The blog is a feature of the Computing Now Education page (www.computer.org/portal/web/computingnow/education). Also included here are a range of instructional materials on a growing set of technical topics drawn from CS conference tutorials, extracts from CS e-Learning courses, book reviews, audio-video presentations, and interviews with leading computer science experts and technology innovators.