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Issue No.07 - July (2012 vol.45)
pp: 64-72
Daniel E. O'Leary , University of Southern California
The successful fight to stop the Protect IP Act highlights the increasingly important role of computer-based political action, especially the use of social media, in the policymaking process.
PIPA, SOPA, Twitter, Facebook, computer-based political action, social media
Daniel E. O'Leary, "Computer-Based Political Action: The Battle and Internet Blackout over PIPA", Computer, vol.45, no. 7, pp. 64-72, July 2012, doi:10.1109/MC.2012.186
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2. J. Magder, “SOPA and PIPA Laws Would Affect Canadians If Passed,” Montreal Gazette,18 Jan. 2012.
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4. T. Timm, “The Stop Online Piracy Act: A Blacklist by Any Other Name is Still a Blacklist,”7 Nov. 2011, Electronic Frontier Foundation; .
5. Letter to the members of the US Senate, 25 May 2011; m/1110525_MultiIndustry_S968_PROTECTIPAct_Senate.pdf .
6. S. Crocker at al., “Security and Other Technical Concerns Raised by the DNS Filtering Requirements in the PROTECT IP Bill,” white paper, May 2011; www.shinkuro.comPROTECT%20IP%20Technical%20Whitepaper%20Final.pdf .
7. “Wyden Places Hold on Protect IP Act,” press release, 26 May 2011; wyden-places-hold-on-protect-ip-act.
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9. “Policing the Internet,” Los Angeles Times,7 June 2011.
10. “Letter from MPAA and Others to the Senate on the Protect IP Act,”20 Sept. 2011, Public Knowledge; www.publicknowledge.orgletter-mpaa-and-others-senate-protect-ip-act .
11. Letter to the members of the US Congress, 22 Sept. 2011; files/pressreleasesletter-359.pdf.
12. S. Crocker et al., “Internet Engineers Letter Urging Amendment of the Protect IP Act,”12 Oct. 2011; Internet%20Engineers%27%20Letter%20Urging%20Amendment%20of%20the%20PROTECT-IP%20Act.pdf .
13. “Joint Statement from AFM, AFTRA, DGA, IATSE, IBT and SAG Regarding Stop Online Piracy Act (HR 3261),”26 Oct. 2011; .
14. Letter to P. Leahy, C. Grassley, L. Smith, and J. Conyers Jr.,15 Nov. 2011; .
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16. M. Masnick, “GoDaddy Says It Doesn't Support PIPA Either, as Domains Keep Transferring Away,” Techdirt,27 Dec. 2011; godaddy-says-it-doesnt-support-pipa-either-as-domains-keep-transferring-away.shtml .
17. “Comment of Senator Patrick Leahy on Internet Service Providers and the PROTECT IP Act,” press release, 12 Jan. 2012; release?id=721ddff6-3399-4d56-a966-bca3f848759b .
18. D. Kravets, “Rep. Smith Waters Down SOPA, DNS Redirects Out,” Wired,13 Jan. 2012; .
19. D. Shaw, “Six GOP Co-sponsors of PIPA Ask Reid to Cancel Vote,” OpenCongress,13 Jan. 2012, .
20. V. Espinel, A. Chopra, and H. Schmidt, “Combating Online Piracy while Protecting an Open and Innovative Internet,” blog; responsecombating-online-piracy-while-protecting-open-and-innovative-internet .
21. T. Timm, “How PIPA and SOPA Violate White House Principles Supporting Free Speech and Innovation,”16 Jan. 2012, Electronic Frontier Foundation; .
22. R.B. Josten letter to the members of the US Senate, 18 Jan. 2012, US Chamber of Commerce; files120118_kv_s_968_protectipactof2011_senate_doc_2.pdf .
23. A.B. Block, “Hollywood Guilds Release Statement of Support for SOPA on Day of 'Blackout' Protests,” The Hollywood Reporter,18 Jan. 2012; .
24. J. Wortham, “Public Outcry over Antipiracy Bills Began as Grass-roots Grumbling,” The New York Times,19 Jan. 2012.
25. C. Ngak, “SOPA and PIPA Internet Blackout Aftermath, Staggering Numbers,” CBS News,19 Jan. 2012; sopa-and-pipa-internet-blackout-aftermath-staggering-numbers .
26. C. Franzen, “New York Tech Meetup's SOP/PIPA Protest Fails to Sway Senators,” Talking Points Memo,18 Jan. 2012; 01ny-tech-meetups-emergency-sopapipa-protest-fails-to-sway-senators.php .
27. S. Lohr, “Library of Congress Will Save Tweets,” The New York Times,14 Apr. 2010.
28. Twitterideas, blog; .
29. J. Bollen and H. Mao, “Twitter Mood as a Stock Market Predictor,” Computer, Oct. 2011, pp. 91-94.
30. D.E. O'Leary, “Blog Mining: Review and Extensions—'From Each According to His Opinion,'” Decision Support Systems, vol. 51, no. 4, 2011, pp. 821-830.
31. D.E. O'Leary, “Using Digital Media to Monitor and Forecast a Firm's Public Image,” Advances in Business and Management Forecasting, vol. 7, K.D. Lawrence, and R.K. Klimberg eds., 2010, Emerald Group Publishing, pp. 211-223.
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