Issue No. 06 - June (2012 vol. 45)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MC.2012.202
The IEEE Computer Society offers a lineup of 12 peer-reviewed technical magazines that cover cutting-edge topics in computing including scientific applications, design and test, security, Internet computing, machine intelligence, digital graphics, and computer history. Select articles from recent issues of Computer Society magazines are highlighted below.
The May/June issue of Software explores the challenges in developing compliant software systems. Typically, organizations face conflicting objectives, with compliance policies possibly hindering innovation, slowing down the product development process, or making the whole process more costly. The goal of software engineering for compliance is to bridge the gap between the software engineering community and the compliance community. The articles in this special issue explain the nature and extent of this domain from different viewpoints, discuss the technical challenges it poses, describe novel software engineering methods for supporting compliance, and summarize the current state of the art.
Proliferating social integration between humans and computational entities increases the need for agent architectures that span the entire social behavior spectrum. An important problem in artificial social intelligence is correctly capturing the social structure and using the resulting model to navigate and achieve goals. In "The Social Landscape: Reasoning on the Social Behavior Spectrum," in the March/April issue of IS, Inon Zuckerman of the Ariel University Center of Samaria and Meirav Hadad of Bar Ilan University depict humans' social competence as the product of a long evolutionary process.
Motion transplantation improves motion databases' expressiveness and allows more control in interactive applications because users can synthesize body parts separately. However, the auxiliary motion must be properly aligned with the base motion, both temporally and spatially. "Motion Transplantation Techniques: A Survey," in the May-June 2012 issue of CG&A, provides an overview of example-based motion transplantation techniques and explains how they determine spatial and temporal alignment between the auxiliary and base motions. It also describes hybrid techniques that can transplant the motions resulting from procedural or physics-based techniques.
Graphics processing units (GPUs) aren't just for graphics anymore. These high-performance, many-core processors are routinely used to accelerate a wide range of science endeavors.
The May/June 2012 issue of CiSE addresses the widespread use of GPUs in the scientific computing community. Guest editor Volodymyr Kindratenko of the University of Illinois discusses the articles selected for this issue, and considers how they represent the range of possibilities (and risks) for using GPUs in scientific applications.
Security & Privacy
Because of confusing online terms and changing forms of data collection, users must make difficult decisions about protecting their work and themselves while online. The average citizen is repeatedly asked to make decisions at home and on the job that require significant understanding of key cybersecurity issues.
Guest editors Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, Cynthia Irvine, and Mischel Kwon introduce a March/April special issue of S&P that addresses key issues in providing effective training and education to users of all kinds.
The coming era will offer a hardware-agnostic ecology in which information flows to and from any nearby device in the most appropriate fashion. However, the current proliferation of devices has resulted in a world that's increasingly fragmented and rife with connection- and configuration-oriented difficulties. Dynamic environments will need dynamic interfaces. The articles in the April-June special issue of PvC explore this topic from several different perspectives.
The rapid proliferation of social media, online communities, and collectively produced knowledge resources has accelerated the convergence of technological and social networks, resulting in a dynamic ecosystem of online social networking services, environments, and applications. "Infrastructures for Online Social Networking Services" in the May/June issue of IC describes how the proliferation of online social networks (OSNs) has had a profound impact on the Internet, reshaping its structure, design, and utility. Despite this success, however, the research community faces significant challenges to further development of these services, including the creation of scalable, secure, and interoperable OSN infrastructures.
IBM's Blue Gene/Q project aims to use power-efficient processor chips to build a massively parallel high-performance computing system, resulting in power-efficient, cost-efficient, and floor-space-efficient systems. Focusing on reliability during design helps with scaling to large systems and lowers the total cost of ownership. "The IBM Blue Gene/Q Compute Chip" in the March/April issue of Micro examines the architecture and design of the Compute chip, which combines processors, memory, and communication functions on a single chip.
Social media provides new opportunities for sharing health-related data online. Although crowdsourcing medical diagnoses is not yet the trend, people are using social media to seek answers and better understand treatments and outcomes as doctors, experts, and patients converge online. John R. Smith of IBM Research looks at the future of collaboration on multimedia health data in "A Virtual Opinion," in the April-June issue of MultiMedia.
The NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) facility at Ames Research Center has enabled remarkable breakthroughs in the space agency's science and engineering missions. For 30 years, NAS experts have influenced the state of the art in high-performance computing and related technologies. Read "The Impact of High-End Computing on NASA Missions" in the March/April Issue of IT Pro.
From the 1940s into the early 1960s, hundreds of scientists and engineers worldwide pursued efforts in microcircuitry—miniaturized, integrated electronic circuits. By tracing the diverse activities and alternatives they explored—from early printed wiring to semiconductor integrated circuit efforts—the January-March issue of Annals provides the first comprehensive overview of the early history of microcircuitry.