Issue No. 03 - March (2012 vol. 45)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MC.2012.86
The IEEE Computer Society offers a lineup of 12 peer-reviewed technical magazines that cover cutting-edge topics in computing including scientific applications, design and test, security, Internet computing, machine intelligence, digital graphics, and computer history. Select articles from recent issues of Computer Society magazines are highlighted below.
"Studying Professional Software Design" in the January/February issue of Software introduces a special issue that aims to set an agenda for research into early software design. The guest editors' introduction, by Alex Baker, Andre van der Hoek, Harold Ossher, and Marian Petre, outlines drivers and issues for that agenda. The special issue also highlights results shared at an NSF-funded workshop on professional software design in which participants analyzed the same professional design sessions from different analytic perspectives.
Social and economic computing is a cross-disciplinary field focusing on the development of computing technologies that consider social and economic contexts. These disciplines not only share several computing technologies, they also benefit and fertilize each other in computational theories, models, and design. The November/December 2011 issue of IS presents some representative research in social and economic computing from several perspectives.
"Scientific Storytelling Using Visualization," featured in CG&A's January/February Visualization Viewpoints department, explores how literary and theatrical narrative conventions can inform the design and presentation of visualizations and discusses the challenges of adapting scientific visualizations for broader audiences. The article also summarizes recent workshop findings on the role of storytelling in visualizations and presents several examples of successful scientific-storytelling production teams.
The January/February issue of CiSE is a special theme issue comprising articles that highlight research where computational science stimulates the physical and life sciences, and vice versa. The issue theme—Crosstalk—is meant to epitomize such reciprocal exchanges.
Security & Privacy
As part of a special issue on authentication, guest editors Richard Chow, Markus Jakobsson, and Jesus Molina put together a roundtable discussion with leaders in the field, who discuss their views on the biggest problems in authentication, potential solutions, and the direction in which the field is moving. Read more in "The Future of Authentication" in S&P's January/February issue.
The new generation of smartphones has realized the early vision of context awareness. The next step is facilitating the real-world impact of more complex recognition, moving toward next-generation opportunistic recognition configurations and large-scale ensembles of networked subsystems interacting with communities of users. In "From Context Awareness to Socially Aware Computing" in the January/March issue of PvC, Paul Lukowicz, Alex "Sandy" Pentland, and Alois Ferscha look at challenges and solutions in the next phase of smartphone awareness.
"Process mining is an emerging research discipline that sits between computational intelligence and data mining on one hand, and process modeling and analysis on the other," write Wil M.P. van der Aaist (Eindhoven University of Technology) and Schahram Dustdar (Technical University of Vienna) in Internet Computing's January/February issue. In their article, "Process Mining Put into Context," they review the six principles and 11 challenges identified in recent work by the IEEE Task Force on Process Mining. They also describe four contexts that analysts can use to augment the information in event log instances.
The tens of thousands of processing nodes in today's petascale systems and the several hundreds of thousands expected in exascale systems pose daunting challenges to interconnection network designers. In "Top Picks from Hot Interconnects 2011: Petascale Network Architectures," featured in Micro's January/February issue, a team of guest editors from academia and industry introduce three articles developed from presentations made at the 2011 Hot Interconnects international conference. These articles represent leading network architectures from China ("The Tianhe-1A Interconnect and Message-Passing Services"), Japan ("The Tofu Interconnect"), and the United States ("The IBM Blue Gene/Q Interconnection Fabric").
The January-March issue of MultiMedia focuses on a special theme, "Multimedia in Forensics, Security, and Intelligence." Guest editors from Europe and Asia present six papers that give an overview of current research adapting multimedia content analysis to legal and security contexts. The articles range from visual recognition of faces and tattoos to discovery of near-duplicates and content tampering. The content modalities include still images, video streams, and audio data.
"The number of Internet users in China doubled between 2007 and 2010, growing from 210 million to 457 million," according to Linda S.L. Lai and Wai-Ming To of Macao Polytechnic Institute in "The Emergence of China in the Internet Market," published in IT Pro's January/February issue. Their review covers popular applications, geographic usage distributions, and global market implications of this phenomenal growth.
Annals' October-December 2011 issue presents an interview with Ward Cunningham about his computer programming career, which includes—most famously—the invention of the wiki. Cunningham, who describes himself as "a kind of accidental success," has collaborated with outstanding leaders in the field, and his contributions include important work in object-oriented programming, software design patterns, extreme programming, and the Framework for Integrated Test.