Issue No. 05 - May (2011 vol. 44)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MC.2011.150
Bob Ward , IEEE Computer Society
Grid Pioneer Foster Named 2011 Kanai Award Winner
The University of Chicago's Ian T. Foster has been named winner of the 2011 IEEE Computer Society Tsutomu Kanai Award for his accomplishments in grid computing. The primary focus of Foster's research has been the acceleration of discovery in a networked world. In partnership with many others, notably Carl Kesselman and Steven Tuecke, Foster developed and promulgated the concepts and methods that underpin grid computing. These methods allow computing to be delivered reliably and securely on demand, as a service, and permit the formation and operation of virtual organizations linking people and resources worldwide.
Foster won the Kanai Award "for pioneering research in grid computing, integrating geographically distributed instruments, computers, and data."
Foster is the Arthur Holly Compton Distinguished Service Professor of Computer Science at the University of Chicago and an Argonne Distinguished Fellow at Argonne National Laboratory. He is also the director of the Computation Institute, a joint effort of Argonne and the University of Chicago.
Foster received a BS from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and a PhD from Imperial College, United Kingdom, both in computer science. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Association for Computing Machinery, and British Computer Society.
His other awards include the Global Information Infrastructure Next-Generation Award, the British Computer Society's Lovelace Medal, R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year, and honorary doctorates from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and CINVESTAV, Mexico. Foster also cofounded Univa, a company established to deliver grid and cloud computing solutions.
Tsutomu Kanai Award
The Tsutomu Kanai Award recognizes major contributions to state-of-the-art distributed computing systems and their applications. Established by the IEEE Computer Society in 1997 through a generous endowment from Hitachi, the award is named in honor of Tsutomu Kanai, who served as Hitachi's president for 30 years.
The Kanai award consists of a crystal model, certificate, and $10,000 honorarium. Read more about the Kanai and other Computer Society awards at www.computer.org/portal/web/awards/kanai.
Astrin Receives Hans Karlsson Award
Communication engineer Arthur W. Astrin, whose innovations and efforts contributed to the birth and development of the Wi-Fi industry, was recently named winner of the 2011 IEEE Computer Society Hans Karlsson Award.
Astrin received the award "for leadership and diplomatic skills applied to LAN/MAN wireless personal area network standards; mediating rivalry of competing corporate entities and personal aspirations by promoting the value of IEEE wireless standards-based approaches."
Astrin has held technical and management positions at Apple, IBM, Siemens, ROLM, Memorex, and Citicorp. At Apple, he boosted the Wi-Fi industry by developing AirPort, the first consumer-oriented, wireless networking solution for PCs. He also worked toward creating industry compatibility in testing compliance for the IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fi standard. He has taught communication and computer engineering at San Jose State University and the University of California, Berkeley.
In 1967, Astrin built the first "bit-slice" architecture computer using transistor-transistor logic technology and received an award from the US Navy's Admiral Grace Hopper. He holds seven US patents and received a master's degree in mathematics from the University of California, San Diego, and a PhD in communication engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Hans Karlsson Award
Established in 1992 in memory of Hans Karlsson, chairman and father of the IEEE 1301 family of standards, the Karlsson Award is one of the Computer Society's highest honors. The award recognizes outstanding skills and dedication to diplomacy, team facilitation, and joint achievement in the development or promotion of standards in the computer industry where individual aspirations, corporate competition, and organizational rivalry could otherwise be counter to the benefit of society. Learn more about the Karlsson Award and other Computer Society awards at www.computer.org/portal/web/awards/karlsson.
Vardi Receives Goode Award
Rice University computer scientist Moshe Vardi has been named winner of the IEEE Computer Society's 2011 Harry H. Goode Award.
Vardi, Rice's Karen Ostrum George Professor in Computational Engineering and director of Rice's Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology, is a noted logician and member of the National Academy of Engineering. He also serves as editor in chief of the Association of Computing Machinery's Communications of the ACM. Vardi was honored for his "fundamental and lasting contributions to the development of logic as a unifying foundational framework and a tool for modeling computational systems."
Logic, which is sometimes called "the calculus of computer science," is fundamental to research areas such as artificial intelligence, computational complexity, distributed computing, database systems, design verification, programming languages, and software engineering. Using logic as a framework, Vardi has performed research in intelligent databases, multiagent systems, and automated reasoning.
He was honored with the 2010 Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award for his leadership, including the organization of an influential 2006 report on overseas job outsourcing in the software industry. The report dispelled some myths about software offshoring and reinforced the case that computing plays a fundamental role in defining success in the global economy.
Vardi earned a doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and is the author or coauthor of approximately 400 articles and two books. Vardi's other awards include the 2010 Distinguished Service Award from the Computing Research Association, the 2000 Goedel Prize for outstanding papers in the area of theoretical computer sciences, and the 2008 ACM Presidential Award. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Science, the European Academy of Sciences, and the Academia Europea. Vardi is also a Guggenheim Fellow and a fellow of IEEE, the ACM, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.
Harry H. Goode Award
The Goode Award was established to recognize achievement in the information-processing field—either a single contribution of theory, design, or technique of outstanding significance or the accumulation of important contributions on theory or practice over an extended period.
Further information about the Goode Award, including a list of past recipients, can be found at: www.computer.org/portal/web/awards/harrygoode.
CS&E Undergraduate Numbers Up
Total enrollments among US computer science undergraduates increased 10 percent in 2010, according to the Computing Research Association's annual Taulbee Survey. This is the third straight year of increases in total enrollment and may indicate that the post "dot-com crash" decline in undergraduate computing program enrollments is over.
The CRA, of which the IEEE Computer Society is a member, conducts the survey each year to document trends in student enrollment, degree production, employment of graduates, and faculty salaries in PhD-granting departments of computer science, computer engineering, and information sciences in the United States and Canada.
Specific Survey Findings
Overall, bachelor's degree production in computer science, computer engineering, and information sciences departments in 2010 rose nearly 11 percent compared to 2009. Bachelor's degree production in computer science departments was up more than 9 percent. The increases in new students observed during each of the past two years have resulted in increased degree production, a turnaround from the past several years of declining bachelor's degree production.
The 2010 Taulbee Survey also found that PhD production in computing programs held steady in 2009-2010. Among CRA member schools, the share of bachelor's degrees in computer science granted to females rose to 13.8 percent in 2010, an increase of 2.5 percentage points over 2009. The share of bachelor's degrees in computer science granted to minority students held nearly steady at 10.3 percent in 2010.
The full report, which also includes information about faculty size, demographics and salaries, graduate student support, and research expenditures, will be available soon on the CRA website.
Computing Research Association
The CRA is an association of more than 200 North American academic departments of computer science, computer engineering, and related fields; laboratories and centers in industry, government, and academia engaging in basic computing research; and affiliated professional societies.
The Taulbee Survey is named after the University of Pittsburgh's Orrin E. Taulbee, who conducted the surveys from 1974 to 1984 for the Computer Science Board (the predecessor organization to the Computing Research Association). Learn more about the CRA and its programs at www.cra.org.