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Issue No. 09 - September (2004 vol. 37)
ISSN: 0018-9162
pp: 38-47
Sarita Thakoor , Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Butler Hine , NASA Ames Research Center
Steve Zornetzer , NASA Ames Research Center
John Michael Morookian , Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Javaan Chahl , Australian National University
To enable autonomous flight, the authors apply bioinspired engineering of exploration systems technology to the development of bioinspired visual navigation sensors integrated on small flyers. They drew their inspiration for these BEES designs from insects, which use ingenious strategies,including optic flow, for navigating successfully in three dimensions. <p>Distilling these principles from biology enables the development of efficient, compact, yet sophisticated autopilots for robotic aircraft embarking on planetary exploration missions. Their bioinspired sensor suite consists of dragonfly-inspired ocelli for flight stabilization and attitude referencing; honeybee-inspired optic flow for terrain following, lateral-drift containment, and localization; and sun and sky polarization-based compassing.</p>
Sarita Thakoor, Butler Hine, Steve Zornetzer, John Michael Morookian, Javaan Chahl, "BEES: Exploring Mars with Bioinspired Technologies", Computer, vol. 37, no. , pp. 38-47, September 2004, doi:10.1109/MC.2004.119
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