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Issue No. 12 - December (2003 vol. 36)
ISSN: 0018-9162
pp: 77-87
Ravishankar Rao , University of Arizona, Tucson
Sarma Vrudhula , University of Arizona, Tucson
Daler N. Rakhmatov , University of Victoria
<p>Advances in battery technology have not kept pace with rapidly growing energy demands. Most laptops, handheld PCs, and cell phones use batteries that take anywhere from 1.5 to 4 hours to fully charge but can run on this charge for only a few hours.</p><p>The battery has thus become a key control parameter in the energy management of portables. To meet the stringent power budget of these devices, researchers have explored various architectural, hardware, software, and system-level optimizations to minimize the energy consumed per useful computation. Research in batteryaware optimization is now moving from stand-alone devices to networks of wireless devices?specifically, ad hoc and distributed sensor networks.</p>

S. Vrudhula, R. Rao and D. N. Rakhmatov, "Battery Modeling for Energy-Aware System Design," in Computer, vol. 36, no. , pp. 77-87, 2003.
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