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Issue No. 12 - December (2003 vol. 36)
ISSN: 0018-9162
pp: 68-75
Nam Sung Kim , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Todd Austin , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
David Blaauw , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Trevor Mudge , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Jie S. Hu , Pennsylvania State University
Mary Jane Irwin , Pennsylvania State University
Mahmut Kandemir , Pennsylvania State University
Vijaykrishnan Narayanan , Pennsylvania State University
<p>Off-state leakage is static power, current that leaks through transistors even when they are turned off. The other source of power dissipation in today?s microprocessors, dynamic power, arises from the repeated capacitance charge and discharge on the output of the hundreds of millions of gates in today'schips.</p><p>Until recently, only dynamic power has been a significant source of power consumption, and Moore?s law helped control it. However, power consumption has now become a primary microprocessor design constraint?one that researchers in both industry and academia will struggle to overcome in the next few years.</p>

D. Blaauw et al., "Leakage Current: Moore's Law Meets Static Power," in Computer, vol. 36, no. , pp. 68-75, 2003.
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