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Issue No. 12 - December (2003 vol. 36)
ISSN: 0018-9162
pp: 39-48
Charles Lefurgy , IBM Austin Research Lab
Karthick Rajamani , IBM Austin Research Lab
Freeman Rawson , IBM Austin Research Lab
Wes Felter , IBM Austin Research Lab
Michael Kistler , IBM Austin Research Lab
Tom W. Keller , IBM Austin Research Lab
<p><em>Servers</em>--high-end, multiprocessor systems running commercial workloads--have typically included extensive cooling systems and resided in custom-built rooms for high-powerdelivery. Recently, as transistor density and demand for computing resources have rapidly increased, even these highend systems face energy-use constraints.</p><p>Commercial-server energy management now focuses on conserving power in the memory and microprocessor subsystems. Because their workloads are typically structured as multiple application programs, system-wide approaches are more applicable to multiprocessor environments in commercial servers than techniques that primarily apply to single-application environments, such as those based on compiler optimizations.</p>

W. Felter, F. Rawson, T. W. Keller, C. Lefurgy, K. Rajamani and M. Kistler, "Energy Management for Commercial Servers," in Computer, vol. 36, no. , pp. 39-48, 2003.
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