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<p>Mapping Internet content to mobile wireless devices requires new technologies, standards, and innovative solutions that minimize cost and maximize efficiency. The wireless Internet must deliver information in a suitable format to handheld device users--regardless of location and connectivity. </p> <p>Although the exact form in which high-speed wireless data services will develop is uncertain, the authors predict an improvement over today's data rates. Current mobile devices suffer from small displays, limited memory, limited processing power, low battery power, and vulnerability to inherent wireless net-work transmission problems. </p> <p>To address these issues, a group of leading wireless and mobile communications companies have developed the wireless application protocol for transmitting wireless information and telephony ser-vices on mobile handheld devices. Whereas HTTP sends its data in text for-mat, WAP uses Wireless Markup Language to create and deliver content in a compressed binary format that provides efficiency and security. </p> <p>Middleware, an alternative to manually replicating content, seamlessly translates a Web site's existing content to mobile devices that support operating systems, markup languages, microbrowsers, and protocols. The authors predict that middleware such as Relational Markup Language will be critical to bringing Internet content to wireless devices, and they anticipate that open standards based on this or similar techniques will gain acceptance. </p>

M. Jamtgaard, S. Saha and J. Villasenor, "Bringing the Wireless Internet to Mobile Devices," in Computer, vol. 34, no. , pp. 54-58, 2001.
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