Issue No. 08 - August (1995 vol. 28)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/2.402081
The enormous consumer market for IBM PCs and compatibles has made them affordable. Now, with a free operating system called Linux, these inexpensive machines can be converted into powerful workstations for teaching, research, and software development. Linux is a full-fledged operating system that provides all the capabilities normally associated with commercial Unix systems and has excellent compilers for C, C++, Pascal, Modula-2 and -3, Oberon, Smalltalk, and Fortran. For professionals who use Unix-based workstations at work, Linux permits virtually identical working environments on their personal home machines. For cost-conscious educational institutions--especially in developing nations--Linux can create world-class computing environments from inexpensive, easily maintained PC clones. And, for university students--especially in science and engineering--Linux provides an essentially cost-free path into Unix and X Windows. Until recently, most information about Linux was found only on the Internet. This article attempts to remedy that situation by describing how to obtain, install, and use Linux, as well as the hardware requirements to run it. In addition to providing a survey of pertinent literature, the article describes several public-domain applications that the author has found useful.
Shahid H. Bokhari, "The Linux Operating System", Computer, vol. 28, no. , pp. 74-79, August 1995, doi:10.1109/2.402081