Issue No. 12 - December (1993 vol. 26)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/2.247652
<p>For part II see ibid., vol. 27, no. 1, p. 57-66 (Jan. 1994). The origins of the robot notion are reviewed. The laws for controlling robotic behavior, as espoused by the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov in 1940 and presented and refined in his writings over the following 45 years are explained. Problems inherent in the application of the laws are identified.</p>
R. Clarke, "Asimov's Laws of Robotics: Implications for Information Technology-Part I," in Computer, vol. 26, no. , pp. 53-61, 1993.