Issue No. 10 - Oct. (1974 vol. 7)
David A. Levine , International Computing Company
Horse racing and breeding is an old European tradition that came to the United States with the early colonists. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson — all land owners — participated in the breeding and racing of horses. Although bets were made, it was the race that was most important. This changed with the coming of the bookmakers.
David A. Levine, "Computers at the racetrack", Computer, vol. 7, no. , pp. 20-28, Oct. 1974, doi:10.1109/MC.1974.6323329