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Issue No.03 - May/June (2008 vol.28)
pp: 13-15
Robert Kosara , University of North Carolina, Charlotte
Fritz Drury , Rhode Island School of Design
Lars Erik Holmquist , Swedish Institute of Computer Science
David H. Laidlaw , Brown University
Criticism of designs and ideas is an important tool in art and design—and it can also be used to great effect in visualization teaching and research. We describe the basics of critiquing in visual art, where the goal is to teach the students to see and to articulate their ideas and concerns. The use of criticism in teaching shows how this concept can be applied for more active classroom interaction and discussion. In response to a visualization critique example, we also offer a critique of critiquing: what are the pitfalls, when can criticism actually harm the design process? Finally, we argue that critiquing strengthens the theoretical foundation of visualization, and is really only an extension of an activity we are all familiar with—peer reviewing.
visualization, criticism, design
Robert Kosara, Fritz Drury, Lars Erik Holmquist, David H. Laidlaw, "Visualization Criticism", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.28, no. 3, pp. 13-15, May/June 2008, doi:10.1109/MCG.2008.63
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4. L.E. Holmquist, "Evaluating the Comprehension of Ambient Displays," Extended Abstracts of CHI 2004, ACM Press, 2004, p. 1545.
5. J. Mankoff et al., "Heuristic Evaluation of Ambient Displays," Proc. CHI 2003, ACM Press, pp. 169–176.
6. S. Greenberg and B. Buxton, Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time), tech. report 2007-879-31, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Calgary, 2007.
7. R. Kosara, "Visualization Criticism—The Missing Link Between Information Visualization and Art," Proc. 11th Int'l Conf. Information Visualization (IV 07), IEEE CS Press, 2007, pp. 631–636.
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