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<p>This joint Workshop was set up under the auspices of the Joint European Commission/National Science Foundation Strategy Group that had its first meeting in Budapest, 3-4 September 1998. The meeting derived from a joint collaboration agreement between the EC and NSF in August 1998, signed by Dr George Metakides (Director, Information Technologies, EC) and Prof. Juris Hartmanis (Director, CISE, NSF). The collaboration aims to facilitate the joint development of knowledge and applications in key emerging science and technology areas of mutual interest. Successful cooperation holds the promise of more cost-effective investment of research funds in the USA and the European Union. </p> <p>National initiatives in the USA and many European countries are recognizing the benefits to scientific research in supporting larger groupings, often with interdisciplinary teams of researchers. It is possible to achieve results with national and translation groupings that it is not possible to achieve on the same time scale with an institutional one. This model has also been used for a number of years by the European Commission to facilitate research development in European countries, and accomplish faster technology transfer to European industry by company participation in projects. These initiatives have recently been extended to include non-European partners on a self-funded basis. Collaborative links have also been established with Japan. It is clear that with the increasing globalization of research and development there is a need for research laboratories and companies to develop products that are viable in world markets. Thus what is being proposed by the EC and NSF is a logical extension of existing paradigms for securing significant progress in key research areas.</p>
Judith R. Brown, Andy van Dam, Rae Earnshaw, José Encarnação, Richard Guedj, Jennifer Preece, Ben Shneiderman, John Vince, "Human-Centered Computing, Online Communities, and Virtual Environments", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 19, no. , pp. 70-74, November/December 1999, doi:10.1109/38.799742
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