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This two-part tutorial explains how to use color under the constraints of a window system for three types of applications: (a) those using a few distinct colors only for labeling or decoration; (b) those using an intermediate number of distinct colors for drawing or economical image display (within a Web browser for example); (c) those requiring high color fidelity for the evaluation of image processing or graphics algorithms. The article also discusses how to minimize distortion in the appearance of other applications when applications of the third type take control of the display's color resources. Each of these topics is discussed in parallel for the X Window System and for Microsoft Windows to help readers interested in porting applications from one system to the other.
Kevin Hunter, Theo Pavlidis, "Using Color in the X Window System versus Microsoft Windows: Part 1", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 18, no. , pp. 64-73, November-December 1998, doi:10.1109/38.734981
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