Issue No. 02 - March/April (1991 vol. 11)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/38.75588
<p>Efforts to develop a more accurate model of the human spine and torso in order to improve realism in human motion modeling are discussed. The model of spinal motion, which is represented within Jack (a software system for human figure modeling and manipulation), is described. The impact parameters, vertebral joint movement, and the spine database are considered. Application of the motion model is examined, and examples of its use are given.</p>
N. I. Badler and G. Monheit, "A Kinematic Model of the Human Spine and Torso," in IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 11, no. , pp. 29-38, 1991.